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William E. Cunningham, M.D., M.P.H. [ Edit Your Profile ]

Work Email Address: wcunningham@mednet.ucla.edu

Fax Number: 310.794.0732
Work Phone Number: 310.794.3556

Mailing Address:
Med-GIM & HSR/Pub Hlth
911 Broxton Avenue, Ste 101
Los Angeles, CA 90024

Work
UCLA Professor, General Internal Medicine Professor, Health Policy and Management Professor, Medicine

Research Interests

Public Health - Health Services Research, Medicine, Medicine - HIV/AIDS


Education:
Degrees:
M.D., University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, 1982 - 1987
M.P.H., UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, 1990 - 1993
A.B., Brown University, 1978 - 1982
Fellowship:
1991 - 1993 Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program
Internship:
1987 - 1988 UCLA School of Medicine
Residency:
1988 - 1990 UCLA School of Medicine

Certifications:
Certifications:
1994 American Board of Internal Medicine
1990 American Board of Internal Medicine

About

The goal of the proposed project is to provide mentorship and guidance to graduate and post-doc students interested in conducting behavioral and health care systems research on HIV, internationally. Dr. William Cunningham is an appropriate faculty member for this proposal because he is an established Health Services Research (HSR) investigator in the area of health care and health outcomes in HIV, with a focus on minority and other vulnerable populations. As a HSR much of his work has been conducting program education, for example he was lead evaluator of a Ryan White Program Special Project of National Significance (SPNS) evaluating a peer navigation outreach intervention study for hard-to-reach HIV+ persons. He is currently lead evaluator on another Ryan White Program SPNS project evaluating the impact of a health information technology (IT) intervention on quality of HIV care and NIMH-funded R-01 on HIV vaccines acceptability, HIV prevention, and disparities (LA VOICES). He has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed scientific articles, many of which address engagement and retention in HIV care, barriers to care, use of services, racial disparities, and health outcomes for vulnerable persons living with HIV. His research responsibilities also include Directorship of the Investigator Development Core for the NIA-funded Resource Centers for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR), serving as Director of the Research Core for the NCMHD-funded project Export, and as Associate Director of the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program at UCLA. He is also faculty on an NIMH-funded National Research Service Award HIV/AIDS training grant at UCLA, and teaches courses on health services organization, and outcomes and effectiveness research. He will also lend his expertise as an ad hoc reviewer of pilot projects.

Publications
Harawa Nina T, Leng Mei, Kim Junyeop, Cunningham William E, Racial/ethnic and gender differences among older adults in nonmonogamous partnerships, time spent single, and human immunodeficiency virus testing. Sexually transmitted diseases. 2011; 38(12): 1110-7.
Cheng Eric M, Cunningham William E, Towfighi Amytis, Sanossian Nerses, Bryg Robert J, Anderson Thomas L, Guterman Jeffrey J, Gross-Schulman Sandra G, Beanes Sylvia, Jones Andrea S, Liu Honghu, Ettner Susan L, Saver Jeffrey L, Vickrey Barbara G, Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention to enable stroke survivors throughout the Los Angeles County safety net to "stay with the guidelines". Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes. 2011; 4(2): 229-34.
Kinsler Janni J, Cunningham William E, Nureña César R, Nadjat-Haiem Carsten, Grinsztejn Beatriz, Casapia Martin, Montoya-Herrera Orlando, Sánchez Jorge, Galea Jerome T, Using Conjoint Analysis to Measure the Acceptability of Rectal Microbicides Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Four South American Cities. AIDS and behavior. 2011; 23(11): .
Sayles Jennifer N, Macphail Catherine L, Newman Peter A, Cunningham William E, Future HIV vaccine acceptability among young adults in South Africa. Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education. 2010; 37(2): 193-210.
Mahajan Anish P, Stemple Lara, Shapiro Martin F, King Jan B, Cunningham William E, Consistency of state statutes with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing recommendations for health care settings. Annals of internal medicine. 2009; 150(4): 263-9.
Newman Peter A, Lee Sung-Jae, Duan Naihua, Rudy Ellen, Nakazono Terry K, Boscardin John, Kakinami Lisa, Shoptaw Steven, Diamant Allison, Cunningham William E, Preventive HIV vaccine acceptability and behavioral risk compensation among a random sample of high-risk adults in Los Angeles (LA VOICES). Health services research. 2009; 44(6): 2167-79.
Sayles Jennifer N, Wong Mitchell D, Kinsler Janni J, Martins David, Cunningham William E, The association of stigma with self-reported access to medical care and antiretroviral therapy adherence in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of general internal medicine. 2009; 24(10): 1101-8.
Kinsler Janni J, Lee Sung-Jae, Sayles Jennifer N, Newman Peter A, Diamant Allison, Cunningham William, The impact of acculturation on utilization of HIV prevention services and access to care among an at-risk Hispanic population. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2009; 20(4): 996-1011.
Lieberman Matthew D, Cunningham William A, Type I and Type II error concerns in fMRI research: re-balancing the scale. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. 2009; 4(4): 423-8.
Harawa Nina T, Bingham Trista A, Butler Qiana R, Dalton Karen S, Cunningham William E, Behel Stephanie, MacKellar Duncan A, Using arrest charge to screen for undiagnosed HIV infection among new arrestees: a study in Los Angeles County. Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care. 2009; 15(2): 105-17.
Cunningham William E, Wong Mitch, Hays Ron D, Case management and health-related quality of life outcomes in a national sample of persons with HIV/AIDS. Journal of the National Medical Association. 2008; 100(7): 840-7.
Sayles Jennifer N, Hays Ron D, Sarkisian Catherine A, Mahajan Anish P, Spritzer Karen L, Cunningham William E, Development and psychometric assessment of a multidimensional measure of internalized HIV stigma in a sample of HIV-positive adults. AIDS and behavior. 2008; 12(5): 748-58.
Fongwa Marie N, Cunningham William, Weech-Maldonado Robert, Gutierrez Peter R, Hays Ron D, Reports and ratings of care: black and white Medicare enrollees. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2008; 19(4): 1136-47.
Beran Mary Sue, Cunningham William, Landon Bruce E, Wilson Ira B, Wong Mitchell D, Clinician gender is more important than gender concordance in quality of HIV care. Gender medicine. 2007; 4(1): 72-84.
Eisenman David, Bogart Laura M, Bird Chloe E, Collins Rebecca L, Golinelli Daniela, Fremont Allen, Beckman Robin, Cunningham William, Differential diffusion of HIV technologies by gender: the case of highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21(6): 390-9.
Rumptz Maureen H, Tobias Carol, Rajabiun Serena, Bradford Judith, Cabral Howard, Young Robin, Cunningham William E, Factors associated with engaging socially marginalized HIV-positive persons in primary care. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21 Suppl 1(1): S30-9.
Bradford Judith B, Coleman Sharon, Cunningham William, HIV System Navigation: an emerging model to improve HIV care access. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21 Suppl 1(1): S49-58.
Tobias Carol R, Cunningham William, Cabral Howard D, Cunningham Chinazo O, Eldred Lois, Naar-King Sylvie, Bradford Judith, Sohler Nancy L, Wong Mitchell D, Drainoni Mari-Lynn, Living with HIV but without medical care: barriers to engagement. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21(6): 426-34.
Cabral Howard J, Tobias Carol, Rajabiun Serena, Sohler Nancy, Cunningham Chinazo, Wong Mitchell, Cunningham William, Outreach program contacts: do they increase the likelihood of engagement and retention in HIV primary care for hard-to-reach patients?. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21 Suppl 1(1): S59-67.
Cheng Eric M, Chen Alex, Cunningham William, Primary language and receipt of recommended health care among Hispanics in the United States. Journal of general internal medicine. 2007; 22 Suppl 2(2): 283-8.
Wong Mitchell D, Sarkisian Catherine A, Davis Cynthia, Kinsler Janni, Cunningham William E, The association between life chaos, health care use, and health status among HIV-infected persons. Journal of general internal medicine. 2007; 22(9): 1286-91.
Penniman Typhanye V, Taylor Stephanie L, Bird Chloe E, Beckman Robin, Collins Rebecca L, Cunningham William, The associations of gender, sexual identity and competing needs with healthcare utilization among people with HIV/AIDS. Journal of the National Medical Association. 2007; 99(4): 419-27.
Kinsler Janni J, Wong Mitchell D, Sayles Jennifer N, Davis Cynthia, Cunningham William E, The effect of perceived stigma from a health care provider on access to care among a low-income HIV-positive population. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21(8): 584-92.
Zingmond David S, Ettner Susan L, Cunningham William E, The impact of managed care on access to highly active antiretroviral therapy and on outcomes among Medicaid beneficiaries with AIDS. Medical care research and review : MCRR. 2007; 64(1): 66-82.
Kinsler Janni J, Cunningham William E, Davis Cynthia, Wong Mitchell D, Time trends in failure to return for HIV test results. Sexually transmitted diseases. 2007; 34(6): 397-400.
Sohler Nancy L, Wong Mitchell D, Cunningham William E, Cabral Howard, Drainoni Mari-Lynn, Cunningham Chinazo O, Type and pattern of illicit drug use and access to health care services for HIV-infected people. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21 Suppl 1(1): S68-76.
Lorenz Karl A, Cunningham William E, Spritzer Karen L, Hays Ron D, Changes in symptoms and health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample of adults in treatment for HIV. Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2006; 15(6): 951-8.
Fongwa Marie N, Cunningham William, Weech-Maldonado Robert, Gutierrez Peter R, Hays Ron D, Comparison of data quality for reports and ratings of ambulatory care by African American and White Medicare managed care enrollees. Journal of aging and health. 2006; 18(5): 707-21.
Vargas Roberto B, Cunningham William E, Evolving trends in medical care-coordination for patients with HIV and AIDS. Current HIV/AIDS reports. 2006; 3(4): 149-53.
Cunningham William E, Sohler Nancy L, Tobias Carol, Drainoni Mari-lynn, Bradford Judith, Davis Cynthia, Cabral Howard J, Cunningham Chinazo O, Eldred Lois, Wong Mitchell D, Health services utilization for people with HIV infection: comparison of a population targeted for outreach with the U.S. population in care. Medical care. 2006; 44(11): 1038-47.
Ponce Ninez A, Ku Leighton, Cunningham William E, Brown E Richard, Language barriers to health care access among Medicare beneficiaries. Inquiry : a journal of medical care organization, provision and financing. 2006; 43(1): 66-76.
Ponce Ninez A, Hays Ron D, Cunningham William E, Linguistic disparities in health care access and health status among older adults. Journal of general internal medicine. 2006; 21(7): 786-91.
Sayles Jennifer N, Wong Mitchell D, Cunningham William E, The inability to take medications openly at home: does it help explain gender disparities in HAART use?. Journal of women's health (2002). 2006; 15(2): 173-81.
Cunningham WE, Crystal S, Bozzette S, Hays RD, The Association of Health-related Quality of Life with Survival among Persons with HIV Infection in the US. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2005; 20(1): 21-27.
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Cunningham WE, Hays RD, Duan N, Andersen RM, Nakazono TT, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, The Effect of Socioeconomic status on the Survival of Persons Receiving Care for HIV Infection in the United States. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2005; 16(4): 655-676.
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Cunningham William E, Crystal Stephen, Bozzette Samuel, Hays Ron D, The association of health-related quality of life with survival among persons with HIV infection in the United States. Journal of general internal medicine. 2005; 20(1): 21-7.
Cunningham William E, Hays Ron D, Duan Naihua, Andersen Ronald, Nakazono Terry T, Bozzette Samuel A, Shapiro Martin F, The effect of socioeconomic status on the survival of people receiving care for HIV infection in the United States. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2005; 16(4): 655-76.
Harawa Nina T, Greenland Sander, Bingham Trista A, Johnson Denise F, Cochran Susan D, Cunningham William E, Celentano David D, Koblin Beryl A, LaLota Marlene, MacKellar Duncan A, McFarland William, Shehan Douglas, Stoyanoff Sue, Thiede Hanne, Torian Lucia, Valleroy Lucia A, Associations of race/ethnicity with HIV prevalence and HIV-related behaviors among young men who have sex with men in 7 urban centers in the United States. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999). 2004; 35(5): 526-36.
Wong Mitchell D, Cunningham William E, Shapiro Martin F, Andersen Ronald M, Cleary Paul D, Duan Naihua, Liu Hong Hu, Wilson Ira B, Landon Bruce E, Wenger Neil S, Wenger Neil S, Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients. Journal of general internal medicine. 2004; 19(4): 366-74.
King William D, Wong Mitchell D, Shapiro Martin F, Landon Bruce E, Cunningham William E, Does racial concordance between HIV-positive patients and their physicians affect the time to receipt of protease inhibitors?. Journal of general internal medicine. 2004; 19(11): 1146-53.
Solorio M Rosa, Currier Judith, Cunningham William, HIV health care services for Mexican migrants. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999). 2004; 37 Suppl 4(12): S240-51.
Cunningham William E, Nakazono Terry T, Tsai Kai Li, Hays Ron D, Do differences in methods for constructing SF-36 physical and mental health summary measures change their associations with chronic medical conditions and utilization?. Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2003; 12(8): 1029-35.
Harawa Nina T, Greenland Sander, Cochran Susan D, Cunningham William E, Visscher Barbara, Do differences in relationship and partner attributes explain disparities in sexually transmitted disease among young white and black women?. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine. 2003; 32(3): 187-91.
Eisenman David P, Cunningham William E, Zierler Sally, Nakazono Terry T, Shapiro Martin F, Shapiro Martin F, Effect of violence on utilization of services and access to care in persons with HIV. Journal of general internal medicine. 2003; 18(2): 125-7.
Harawa Nina T, Bingham Trista A, Cochran Susan D, Greenland Sander, Cunningham William E, HIV prevalence among foreign- and US-born clients of public STD clinics. American journal of public health. 2002; 92(12): 1958-63.
Korthuis P Todd, Asch Steven, Mancewicz Martha, Shapiro Martin F, Mathews W Christopher, Cunningham William E, McCutchan J Allen, Gifford Allen, Lee Martin L, Bozzette Samuel A, Measuring medication: do interviews agree with medical record and pharmacy data?. Medical care. 2002; 40(12): 1270-82.
Solorio M Rosa, Asch Steven M, Globe Denise, Cunningham William E, The association of access to medical care with regular source of care and sociodemographic characteristics in patients with HIV and tuberculosis. Journal of the National Medical Association. 2002; 94(7): 581-9.
Katz M H, Cunningham W E, Fleishman J A, Andersen R M, Kellogg T, Bozzette S A, Shapiro M F, Effect of case management on unmet needs and utilization of medical care and medications among HIV-infected persons. Annals of internal medicine. 2001; 135(8 Pt 1): 557-65.
Turner B J, Cunningham W E, Duan N, Andersen R M, Shapiro M F, Bozzette S A, Nakazono T, Morton S, Crystal S, St Clair P, Stein M, Zierler S, Delayed medical care after diagnosis in a US national probability sample of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Archives of internal medicine. 2000; 160(17): 2614-22.
Cunningham, WE Hays, RD Burton, TM Kington, RS, Health status measurement performance and health status differences by age, ethnicity, and gender: assessment in the medical outcomes study. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. . 2000; 11(1): 58-76.
Cunningham W E, Markson L E, Andersen R M, Crystal S H, Fleishman J A, Golin C, Gifford A, Liu H H, Nakazono T T, Morton S, Bozzette S A, Shapiro M F, Wenger N S, Prevalence and predictors of highly active antiretroviral therapy use in patients with HIV infection in the united states. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999). 2000; 25(2): 115-23.
Morales, LS Cunningham, WE Brown, JA Liu, H Hays, RD, Are Latinos less satisfied with communication by health care providers?. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine. . 1999; 14(7): 409-17.
Cunningham, WE Tisnado, DM Lui, HH Nakazono, TT Carlisle, DM, The effect of hospital experience on mortality among patients hospitalized with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in California. The American journal of medicine. . 1999; 107(2): 137-43.
Cunningham W E, Andersen R M, Katz M H, Stein M D, Turner B J, Crystal S, Zierler S, Kuromiya K, Morton S C, St Clair P, Bozzette S A, Shapiro M F, The impact of competing subsistence needs and barriers on access to medical care for persons with human immunodeficiency virus receiving care in the United States. Medical care. 1999; 37(12): 1270-81.
Cunningham, WE Hays, RD Ettl, MK Dixon, WJ Liu, RC Beck, CK Shapiro, MF, The prospective effect of access to medical care on health-related quality-of-life outcomes in patients with symptomatic HIV disease. Medical care. . 1998; 36(3): 295-306.
Cunningham, WE Mosen, DM Hays, RD Andersen, RM Shapiro, MF, Access to community-based medical services and number of hospitalizations among patients with HIV disease: are they related?. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association. . 1996; 13(4): 327-35.
Cunningham WE, Bozzette SA, Hays RD, Kanouse DE, Shapiro MF, Comparison of Health-related Quality of Life Among Clinical Trial and Non-Clinical Trial HIV-infected Cohorts. Medical Care . 1995; 33(4): AS15-AS25.
Morales Leo S, Cunningham William E, Galvan Frank H, Andersen Ronald M, Nakazono Terry T, Shapiro Martin F, Sociodemographic differences in access to care among Hispanic patients who are HIV infected in the United States. American journal of public health. 2004; 94(7): 1119-21.
Taylor Stephanie L, Burnam M Audrey, Sherbourne Cathy, Andersen Ron, Cunningham William E, The relationship between type of mental health provider and met and unmet mental health needs in a nationally representative sample of HIV-positive patients. The journal of behavioral health services & research. 2004; 31(2): 149-63.
Cunningham Chinazo O, Sohler Nancy L, Wong Mitchell D, Relf Michael, Cunningham William E, Drainoni Mari-Lynn, Bradford Judith, Pounds Moses B, Cabral Howard D, Utilization of health care services in hard-to-reach marginalized HIV-infected individuals. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21(3): 177-86.
Tobias Carol, Cunningham William E, Cunningham Chinazo O, Pounds Moses B, Making the connection: the importance of engagement and retention in HIV medical care. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2007; 21 Suppl 1(3): S3-8.
Kinsler Janni J, Sayles Jennifer N, Cunningham William E, Mahajan Anish, Preference for physician vs. nurse-initiated opt-out screening on HIV test acceptance. AIDS care. 2013; 78(7): .
Bogart Laura M, Collins Rebecca L, Kanouse David E, Cunningham William, Beckman Robin, Golinelli Daniela, Bird Chloe E, Patterns and correlates of deliberate abstinence among men and women with HIV/AIDS. American journal of public health. 2006; 96(6): 1078-84.
Ford Chandra L, Wallace Steven P, Newman Peter A, Lee Sung-Jae, Cunningham William E, Belief in AIDS-Related Conspiracy Theories and Mistrust in the Government: Relationship with HIV Testing Among At-Risk Older Adults. The Gerontologist. 2013; 78(7): .
Dobalian Aram, Andersen Ronald M, Stein Judith A, Hays Ron D, Cunningham William E, Marcus Marvin, The impact of HIV on oral health and subsequent use of dental services. Journal of public health dentistry. 2003; 63(2): 78-85.
Newman Peter A, Duan Naihua, Lee Sung-Jae, Rudy Ellen T, Seiden Danielle S, Kakinami Lisa, Cunningham William E, HIV vaccine acceptability among communities at risk: the impact of vaccine characteristics. Vaccine. 2006; 24(12): 2094-101.
Huynh Alexis K, Kinsler Janni J, Cunningham William E, Sayles Jennifer N, The role of mental health in mediating the relationship between social support and optimal ART adherence. AIDS care. 2013; 78(7): .
Banta Jim E, Andersen Ronald M, Young Alexander S, Kominski Gerald, Cunningham William E, Psychiatric comorbidity and mortality among veterans hospitalized for congestive heart failure. Military medicine. 2010; 175(10): 732-41.
Heslin Kevin C, Andersen Ronald M, Ettner Susan L, Kominski Gerald F, Belin Thomas R, Morgenstern Hal, Cunningham William E, Do specialist self-referral insurance policies improve access to HIV-experienced physicians as a regular source of care?. Medical care research and review : MCRR. 2005; 62(5): 583-600.
Cunningham William, HIV racial disparities: time to close the gaps. Archives of internal medicine. 2012; 172(20): 1599-600.
Lee Paul P, Cunningham William E, Nakazono Terry T, Hays Ron D, Associations of eye diseases and symptoms with self-reported physical and mental health. American journal of ophthalmology. 2009; 148(5): 804-808.e1.
Bogart Laura M, Collins Rebecca L, Cunningham William, Beckman Robin, Golinelli Daniela, Eisenman David, Bird Chloe E, The association of partner abuse with risky sexual behaviors among women and men with HIV/AIDS. AIDS and behavior. 2005; 9(3): 325-33.
Bell Douglas S, Cima Laral, Seiden Danielle S, Nakazono Terry T, Alcouloumre Marcia S, Cunningham William E, Effects of laboratory data exchange in the care of patients with HIV. International journal of medical informatics. 2012; 81(10): e74-82.
Schuster Mark A, Collins Rebecca, Cunningham William E, Morton Sally C, Zierler Sally, Wong Myra, Tu Wenli, Kanouse David E, Perceived discrimination in clinical care in a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected adults receiving health care. Journal of general internal medicine. 2005; 20(9): 807-13.
Macphail Catherine L, Sayles Jennifer N, Cunningham William, Newman Peter A, Perceptions of sexual risk compensation following posttrial HIV vaccine uptake among young South Africans. Qualitative health research. 2012; 22(5): 668-78.
Heslin Kevin C, Andersen Ronald M, Ettner Susan L, Cunningham William E, Racial and ethnic disparities in access to physicians with HIV-related expertise. Journal of general internal medicine. 2005; 20(3): 283-9.
Rajabiun Serena, Rumptz Maureen H, Felizzola Jesus, Frye Alison, Relf Michael, Yu Gary, Cunningham William E, The impact of acculturation on Latinos' perceived barriers to HIV primary care. Ethnicity & disease. 2008; 18(4): 403-8.
Sayles Jennifer N, Ryan Gery W, Silver Junell S, Sarkisian Catherine A, Cunningham William E, Experiences of social stigma and implications for healthcare among a diverse population of HIV positive adults. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 2007; 84(6): 814-28.
Farivar Sepideh S, Cunningham William E, Hays Ron D, Correlated physical and mental health summary scores for the SF-36 and SF-12 Health Survey, V.I. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2007; 5(6): 54.